WUN Newsletter Volume 7 / Number 10
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                      ###  UTILITY ROUND-UP  ###

      // Editor:    Ary Boender                  \\
      // LF editor: Trond Jacobsen  \\
      -----------------------------------------------------------

A sad announcement reached me a couple of weeks ago. The oldest utility
club around will probably cease to exist. The Utility Newsletter was
founded in 1986 and was renamed European Utility Newsletter in 1997.
Editor Adreas Ibold can not continue his newsletter activities and has
not been able to find a successor yet.

I'd like to thank Adreas and all the other people who worked hard to
make the European Ute newsletter a success, for everything that they
did for the hobby and I hope that the EUNL members will find their way
to WUN so that their valuable logs and info will not be lost.

The extensive EUNL NDB and QSL address lists have been donated for
inclusion in the upcoming WUN CD-ROM for which we are sincerely
grateful.

                            <<<<<>>>>>

* VVV VVV VVV DE HWK7 *

A couple of weeks ago, I found HWK7 again. He transmitted in CW on
6998 kHz endless religious texts. He states that he transmits from
Loreto in Italy and uses a fake French callsign. The location of the
station is either NW Italy or SW France.

"Basilica della Santa Casa di Loreto"  and "Fondazione I.R.S." are
often used phrases.

If anyone has more info about this station, please let me know.

                            <<<<<>>>>>

* RUSSIAN / UKRAINIAN STATIONS *

The Russian and Ukrainian taxi and truckers stations were very good
audible this month. I heard them on at least 10 frequencies during our
local afternoon (1300-1800 UTC). Markus heard another bunch in Austria.
So far I have not heard any of the South American stations over here.
Here is a rundown of the Russian and Ukrainian frequencies.

26088, 26113, 26115, 26145, 26216, 26235, 26355, 26388, 26465, 26475,
26525, 26557, 26575, 26578, 26595, 26625, 26717, 26735, 26578, 26857,
26930, 26970, 27330, 27365 kHz FM.

                            <<<<<>>>>>

* COMMANDO SOLO *

In the battle against terrorism in Afghanistan, the US now also deploys
EC-130E 'Commando Solo' aircraft of the 193rd Special Operations Wing.

According to the MEF (Marine Expeditionary Force) PLANNER'S REFERENCE
MANUAL, Commando Solo is used for psychological operations (psyops)
missions and as a broadcaster.

The EC-130E aircraft fly along the Afghan borders broadcasting their
anti-Taleban announcements and traditional Afghan music. At the same
time the aircraft can be used for intelligence gathering and to jam
local broadcasts. Besides pamphlets, US aircraft have also dropped
wind-up radios for the Afghan people. These receivers are tuned to a
fixed frequency on which the Voice Of America transmits in Pasthu and
Dari. According to the leaflets that were dropped, the Commando Solo
broadcasts are on 864 and 1107 kHz AM and 8700 kHz USB. The BBC
mentions 0030-0530 and 1230-1730 UTC as broadcasting times. The name
of the station is reportedly 'Information Radio'.

The EC-130E is a Hercules C-130 cargo plane that contains airborne
radio and television stations. It can broadcast in the AM, FM, HF, TV
and military communications bands. The aircraft has five antennae, one
very big blade antenna under each wing with a third extending forward
from the vertical fin. A retractable wire antenna is released from the
modified beaver tail, with a second extending from the belly.

These aircraft were successfully deployed during other conflicts like
Desert Storm. Their mission included broadcasts of the "Voice of the
Gulf," and other programs intended to convince Iraqi soldiers to
surrender. The stations were also deployed in Bosnia (operation Joint
Guard), Haiti and Somalia.

                            <<<<<>>>>>

* AFN FEEDERS *

Larry van Horn phoned the Navy Media Center in Washington for the new
schedules of AFN feeder broadcasts. Larry says ''They did indicate that
the switch over from night to day, etc is based on local time at the
transmitter site and that the QSL@mediacen.navy.mil email address is
still good for reception reports to get their QSL letter for the AFN
broadcast.''

Location           Band Daytime      Nighttime
-----------------  ---- -----------  -----------
Key West, FL       USB  12689.5 kHz  12689.5 kHz
RR, Puerto Rico    USB   6458.5 kHz   6458.5 kHz
Sigonella, Sicily  USB   4993.0 kHz  10940.5 kHz
Guam (Barrigada)   USB  13362.0 kHz   5765.0 kHz
Diego Garcia       USB  12579.0 kHz   4319.0 kHz
Hawaii             USB  10320.0 kHz   6350.0 kHz

AFN website http://www.afrts.osd.mil/afnonradio/html/shortwave.htm

Thanks for the info Larry.

                            <<<<<>>>>>

* MUSIC ON TRIPLE-ONE *

Talking about military related broadcasting, I'd like to mention
another 'oddity' that has been reported frequently during the past
weeks.

DXers reported music on 11175 kHz. The music appears to be Wagner's
"Ride of the Valkyries", a classical tune that is often played by US
troops when going into battle.

                            <<<<<>>>>>

* AFGHANISTAN EMBASSY FREQ??? *

Markus Buttinger watched a CNN program about the "Strike Against
Terror" and noticed during one of the shots a transceiver tuned to
13405 kHz. Possibly a frequency of the Afganistan embassy in Islamabad.

                            <<<<<>>>>>

* LONG WAVE SECTION *

The long Nordic Winter Nights are sneaking upon us here in Norway. This
opens up interesting long range signal paths on LF. The general level
of "electrons on the run" in the ionosphere at this time of year makes
headphone listening at stations in the VLF range safe again. Monitors
who has used headphones when the lightning stroke nearby, know what I
am talking about.

This winter the ELF site will be operational. During the winter when
the marshes deep freeze, there are plans for coordinated monitoring of
a narrow range of very exclusive frequencies in the ELF range. Both the
US and CIS ELF sites operate between 50 and 100 Hz, frequencies where
you normally hear more mains noise than utility transmissions.

This months topics:

::: CALLSIGNS; FREQUENCIES AND TRANSMITTER LOCATIONS, WHO IS WHO ?

Morse is a wonderful thing, you can hear it, decode it and at the same
time you have an idea of what is going on, or to who you are listening.
Well... IF the sender is using standard morse and the speed suits the
decoding ability of your ears or decoder, then you have a good chance.

When it comes to the various MIL MSK and other non decodable trans-
sions, it is not that easy to identify the source of the transmission.
An example is the Royal Navy with its various transmitter sites and
their use of id's, or rather the lack of id's. But the various WUN logs
are often a great help. The station that frequently uses 73.2(5) kHz,
is listed with several id's and QTH's: GID20, GBV20 and MTO21. The
locations are given as both Rugby, Crimond and Criggion. But sometimes
the MSK stream are interrupted and messages are sent in the clear using
standard FSK, like the example below, monitored by a WUNner during a
joint naval exercise, where the Swedish submarine HSWMS Ostergotland
was one of the players.

81.0 GYN2: UKSUBCAMS Northwood G 1600 RTTY/50/85 Msgs in clear to HSWMS
     Ostergotland. 'Welcome to UKSUBCAMS Support' (with Northwood Tel
     No) +  Broadcast State for GYD20/68kHz GYN2/81 kHz GBV20/73 kHz.
     // 68. 73 kHz inactive on mark.

Here we have the id's of the users of the various frequencies. But from
where was it transmitted? The frequency 81.0 kHz and the id GYN2 says
just London in most frequency lists. Was it from Inskip? Or..., or...?
Only RDF work wil solve these puzzles.

Are you interested in RDF work, or are you frustrated about the
mismatch between what you read in the frequency lists and your personal
observations, then the RDF project web-site, is worth a visit.

           http://www.uni-bremen.de/~ews2/RDF_project.htm

Another useful tool for building up a personal library with id's and
their associated bearings, is a 500k program available for download at
this site: http://www.qsl.net/w6elprop/
The program is intended as a propagation prediction tool, but the
azimuth maps and the extendable user database alone is well worth the
download time.

::: VTX3, 18.2 kHz INDIAN NAVAL STATION,KATABOMMAN
    WITH HIGH SPEED MORSE

A dear friend in the VLF range, VTX3, at 18.2 kHz, "Voice of the Indian
Ocean" is again using morse. Lately there has been a lot of high speed
morse bursts, in between the regular traffic. Due to high noise levels
and the speed used, only partial decoding has been possible, but it
seems most of the traffic was 3 FG's, procedural morse and some AR's
and AS's. The 4th of October was special, with lots of high speed morse
bursts. Similar traffic observed 3rd of April.

::: RSDN-20 aka "ALPHA", CIS HYPERBOLIC RADIONAVIGATION AT VLF

RSDN-20 (Radioteknicheskaya Systema Dalyokoiy Navigatsii), the Russian
long range hyperbolic radio navigation system at VLF, is one of the
landmarks in the VLF range. And a constant source for interesting
observations. Several German "Lowfrequenteers" has observed a still
non-explainable reduction in the signal strength during night time of
the Krasnodar (Black See) transmitter. The phenomena is only observable
at the highest RSDN-20 frequency of 14.880 kHz. Not on the other
frequencies in use by the same transmitter. Bearings taken from various
locations also differ from bearings taken during the day-time. The
phenomena is not easily explainable with the propagation effects of
signals in the VLF range. AnyWun with some good ideas ?

::: NDI, US NAVY NRTF AWASE, ON OKINAWA AT 54 kHz

NDI the US NAVY NRTF transmitter facility, is operating on 54 kHz. The
physical transmitter location is the Awase Communication Site, near the
end of the Awase Peninsula in Okinawa city. NDI was received by a US
traveller, with great signal strength during a stay at Mauritius. Not
unexpected really as the solid state transmitter in use there is a
AN/FRT-95(A) with 250 kW ERP (according to FAS). The same naval station
has also been received in Northern Europe. So if you want a real long
distance catch, tune in and wait for the right conditions.

::: RUSSIANS ON VLF

Several VLF monitors in Europa, has observed a new callsign in use by
the Russian command and control chain on VLF.
This stations identifies itself as 'RAC'. It is using plain morse and
is mostly on 18.9 kHz. The format of the station, follow the standard
for strategic code messages (Russia's EAMs), in use by the Russians on
VLF:

           xxx xxx rac rac 59845 nawoj 4093 0105 k

RDF work indicates a location to the north-east of Moskva. Could this
be from the transmitter site at Rostov.

Another Russian VLF station with interesting transmissions is RKS. RKS
is listed as Murmansk, on the Kola peninsula in Russia. But the station
has not been df'ed yet to determine the exact origin of the transmis-
sions.
           xxx xxx rks rks 73840 merfotoks 45038169

RKS follows the same format as RAC and the much more active RDL:

           xxx xxx rdl rdl 22021 69178 gistolog 7104 2283
           xxx xxx rdl rdl 04930 75052 obely° 6434 3948

Can AnyWun translate the keywords in the texts?

Until next month, happy monitoring and low noise levels for EveryWun.

-Trond-

                 -o-o-o-o-that's all folks!-o-o-o-o-

Last Modified: 30 October 2001